For a territory to become a state, four things have to be met: there should be a defined territory, a settled population, governance and the ability of international relations. The inability of governance for a territory is referred to as failed state. In the case of Somalia, the country has experienced problems holding elections, civil clan wars and worst of all, Al-Shabaab wanting to oust the current government.
It is impossible for countries with no central government to provide for its citizens the basic needs such as healthcare, education and security. These kinds of states have destabilized the international order system and have become havens for criminal and terrorist groups such as AlQaeda and AlShabaab.
Somalia has in the recent past experienced mass starvation, civil war and has also become a haven for Islamic Jihadist militia, AlShabaab. To add to these, the country’s election process for its new leaders has been postponed because the insurgency has launched attacks on civilian populations, government officials, opposition members as well as the electoral body in the country. Opposition member of Parliament Amina Mohamed Abdi a rights activist and government critic was the latest casualty in a suicide bombing where 50 other people died.
The right to vote is something that most Somali residents do not actually get. This is influenced by the AlQaeda affiliate terrorist group AlShabaab. The group claims it has a divine right from to govern the Horn of Africa nation.
Election dialogues in Somalia take place in closed door forums due to insecurity by the AlShabaab. Somalia is a clan based society where clan elders or representatives vote of members of Parliament and in turn MPs vote for the next president. The clan system, while it provides important ties of kinship in society, it has also become a source of conflict and discrimination.
The International community continues to pressure Somalia to have its elections as a civic responsibility and right to the citizens. This is the reason AlShabaab does not recognize the election process as they claim the Somalia government is influenced by the western nations and spread western culture, traditions and education. AlShabaab is the main reason why Somalia’s politics and economy have not grown. Businesses, citizens in the diaspora and investors are unwilling to risk invest in the country marred by intense conflict and insecurity.