Terrorism is an act or threat of action inspired by extreme, political or religious ideologies, resulting in loss of life, destruction of property and instilling fear with an aim to communicate, influence or intimidate. Terrorism has been around for as long as people can remember, but for the past ten years, there’s been a dramatic rise in activity. Terrorism is a kind of psychological warfare. The mechanism of action to terrorize society may be different but their purpose remains the same. The mechanism could be in the form of blasts, suicide bombing, bio-terrorism, narco-terrorism and financial terrorism.
The threat of terrorism has been evident for many years, but only in recent times, this threat has became a fact. Any act of terrorism by the nature of its very purpose leaves a lingering impact on those who are either its victim or even its witness. The mental health symptoms after the attack include binge drinking, as well as the influence of infrastructure and behavioral barriers during the evacuation, revealing a significant association with PTSD. Behavioral barriers include crowding, panic, perception of danger, and communication problems. PTSD and frequent binge drinking were associated with being in trauma after a terror attack has occurred.
Study shows that females are more concerned about the threat of terrorism and they think more about terrorism than men. Their major cause of worry is that the state is not prepared to deal with terrorism. Similarly, there is a significant difference in the attitudes of men and women regarding terrorism. As compared to men most of the women thought that terrorism is psychological in nature as it is meant to cause psychological suffering.
The terrorist attacks significantly affect the mental health of individuals. They became depressed, anxious and worried. These feelings of depression also affect their behavior. They feel emotionally upset, sad, nervous, and feel stress most of the time. The current stream of terrorism made them more concerned about the safety of their families as well as their own.
There is a need to offer an empathic, non-judgmental, collaborative approach to help these ailing individuals to achieve a better level of adjustment.