The realms of counter and/or prevention of violent extremism are designed to avert individuals from engaging in violent activities associated with radical ideologies and groups. Across the world, practitioners have developed policies and strategies aimed at reducing the incentives that drive individuals into violent extremism with recognizable success on the same. As the world continues to change, recruitment and radicalization processes have also changed which means that PCVE practitioners need to re-strategize their approach to embrace new ideas.
Peacebuilding is a long-term approach to violent extremism which seeks to bring conflicting parties together through dialogue with the aim of understanding and dealing with the causes of conflict. This approach focuses on rebuilding relationships and addressing the root causes and/or drivers of violent extremism so as to end it from the grassroots level where it manifests itself.
This approach works with already existing local mechanisms networks, and practices to ensure the sustainability, relevance, and impact of any conflict prevention program. This way, all community members are able to freely and actively participate in discussions. Community engagement with all stakeholders leads to the development of practical and acceptable solutions to address violent extremism.
Peacebuilding as an approach encourages ownership of decisions made and strategies developed. This serves to empower the community which houses a well-tested indigenous knowledge of teachable skills. When the community owns the progress made by peacebuilding, any rising conflict will be addressed by the community. Peacebuilding is a long-term conflict resolution method best guaranteed to resolve and address the root causes of conflict and/or promote cohesion for the community’s well-being. It is through peacebuilding that the next generation will learn and appreciate the values of coexistence and community life.